This week, we studied how Peter made room for those guilty of crucifying Jesus to be forgiven since they acted in ignorance. In fact, from the cross, Jesus himself said, “Father, forgive them, because they do not know what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). Bottom line: They were ignorant. Peter referenced verses in the Law of Moses to remind them that forgiveness was an option, and the way to be forgiven would be to repent and turn to Christ.
Remember: Peter’s ultimate goal was redemption for his fellow Jews who had—in complete ignorance—killed the prophesied Messiah. Rejecting this message would result in culpability for the crime.
We also learned that the term “suffering messiah” is nonexistent in the Old Testament. Instead, the prophecies about the “suffering servant” (cf. Isaiah 53) were understood to be messianic in nature. We also discussed the probable existence of a collection of messianic prophecies and allusions in the Hebrew Scriptures that was circulating among the Jews in the years leading up to the time of Christ.
Peter’s sermon explained (in Pesher mode…again) that Jesus is the prophesied suffering servant, and therefore, the Messiah.
>> Click to read this week’s passage in KJV, HCSB, ESV, NIV: Acts 3:1-26 <<
Acts 3:17-21 ~ Ignorant No More
Ignorance as a forgivable sin;
* Recorded: LIVE. This audio has been edited for class member privacy, time, and content.
There was no PowerPoint this week.
Books Referenced in Class:
For over one hundred years, the International Critical Commentary series has held a special place among works on the Bible. It has sought to bring together all the relevant aids to exegesis ― linguistic and textual no less than archaeological, historical, literary and theological―with a level of comprehension and quality of scholarship unmatched by any other series.
No attempt has been made to secure a uniform theological or critical approach to the biblical text: contributors have been invited for their scholarly distinction, not for their adherence to any one school of thought. C. K. Barrett is Emeritus Professor of Divinity, University of Durham, UK.
Like Ben Witherington’s previous commentary Conflict and Community in Corinth, this commentary breaks fresh ground in providing a detailed social and rhetorical analysis of the book of Acts. Written in a readable style, with more detailed interaction with scholarly discussion found in the various excursuses, this commentary draws on the best new insights from a number of disciplines (narratological studies of Luke-Acts, archaeological and social scientific study of the New Testament, rhetorical analysis of Acts, comparative studies in ancient historiography) to provide the reader with the benefits of recent innovative ways of analyzing the text of Acts.
In addition there is detailed attention to major theological and historical issues, including the question of the relationship of Acts to the Pauline letters, the question of early Christian history and how the church grew and developed, the relationship between early Judaism and early Christianity, and the relationship between Christianity and the officials of the Roman Empire. (Description from Amazon.com)
Flavius Josephus was a first-century Pharisee, Jewish historian, Roman consultant, and writer. He documented aspects of life during the time of Christ, giving us extensive writings on ancient Jewish history in existence. By studying Josephus’ works, readers gain a behind-the-scenes look at biblical figures including Abraham, Moses, John the Baptist, and James the brother of Jesus, plus insights into the Dead Sea Scrolls community, Sadducees and Pharisees, the Jewish Revolt, and more. (Description from Amazon.com)
- The War of the Jews—an account of the Jewish revolt against Rome up to the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem
- The Antiquities of the Jews—a history of the Jews from Creation to the Roman occupation of Palestine
- The Life of Flavius Josephus—the autobiography of Josephus, who fought against Rome and later served the empire
- Against Apion—a defense of the origin of Judaism in the face of Greco-Roman slanders
- Discourse to the Greeks Concerning Hades—a text Whiston attributed to Josephus
- Index of parallels between Josephus’s Antiquities and the Old Testament including the Apocrypha
Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I use personally and believe will add value to my readers. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.”